© Anonymous, July 19, 2013 at 11:02 PM (http://tantrismuskritik.blogspot.tw/2013/07/what-is-three-dharma-seals-about-7.html?showComment=1374246154734#c5945633129336637393")
We have gone over the basics of the Three Dharma-Seals, and the Buddha dharma has to be examined from every possible facet.
Some people would wonder, among the Three Dharma-Seals (all formations are impermanent, all dharmas are of no-self, and nirvana is tranquil), can one of them subsume the rest such that the Three Dharma-Seals can be condensed into one overarching principle? They would wonder whether it is possible to use “all formations are impermanent” to subsume the other two dharma-seals? Or using “all dharmas are no-self.” Or using “nirvana is tranquil.”
However, subsuming the other dharma-seals under “all formations are impermanent” and “all dharmas are no-self” would be erroneous. For one, it would be correct to subsume “all dharmas are no-self” under “all formations are impermanent,” but it would be problematic to use an impermanent dharma-seal to subsume the dharma seal of nirvana. Why so? Because nirvana is a permanent dharma that is neither arising nor ceasing. It is the state of ultimate liberation and cannot be subsumed under an impermanent dharma-seal. This is the fault of subsuming the Three Dharma-Seals under an impermanent dharma-seal.
Alternatively, some may consider subsuming the Three Dharma-Seals under the dharma-seal of the no-self dharma. This too is faulty. Why? When we talk about the “self,” what this “self” means is one that can control and master oneself. Only a dharma that is capable to master and exert control over oneself can be called the “self.”
However, we can observe that “all formations are impermanent” and “all dharmas are no-self” refer to the no-self nature of these dharmas. Only the nirvana in the dharma-seal of “nirvana is tranquil” is the master of everything in the three realms, for the firm and indestructible law of causality is its dharma-nature. Because of this nature, it can exert control over everything within the three realms.
All sentient beings’ transmigration within the six paths of rebirth in the three realms, their liberation from births-and-deaths or achieving Buddhahood are all circumscribed by the dharma-natures of Tathagatagarbha. Thus, anyone wishes to liberate themselves from births-and-deaths or attain the ultimate Buddhahood must rely on and abide by the dharma-natures of Tathagatagarbha. Therefore, we can see that the Tathagatagarbha is actually the master of the dharma-realm. To subsume the Three Dharma-Seals under a no-self dharma would be inappropriate for the dharma-seal of nirvana, or Tathagatagarbha. In conclusion, neither the impermanent or no-self dharma can subsume all Three Dharma-Seals. (Part 8)